The project carried out by AFRY on behalf of RE:Source has aimed to identify and
compile the obstacles that currently exist in the international arena and to report on
the driving forces for switching to a circular economy seen in a global perspective.
Analysis of imports and exports, as well as a web-survey, formed the basis for the
choice of the value chains for the product groups furniture, clothing, electronics and
vehicles to be studied. The analysis of the value chains was done by studying
literature and other available information and by conducting a large number of
interviews with key people in the various value chains and with a number of circular
economy experts in different countries. Material flows for steel and paper were
studied to a lesser extent. Halfway through the project, a workshop was held with 61
participants, consisting of industry representatives and experts from the research
world and society in general, where the results so far were presented and discussed.
After the workshop, an in-depth study was conducted, mainly through international
sources, and through interviews with international experts